Kazbegi National Park landcover is represented by 1347 spcies, among them 26% are endemic plants. Here are alpine, subalpine, xerophytic and many other plants form environmental groups. Kazbegi National Park forests are located on steep slopes. There are 105 species of woody plants, but mainly there are Litvinovs birch, Sosnovski pine, junipers and cranberries.
The number of woody species is large, but still forest backgrounds are formed by a few species. 2595 hectares of the forest is covered with birch groves, pine forests- 369 hectares, beech forests – 49 hectares, asp forests – 32 hectares, Caucasian rhododendrons – 928 hectares, sea-buckthorns- 23 hectares, birch forest dominating by barberries – 28 hectares, willows – 15 hectares, other groves dominating by woody species – 22 hectares.
It should be noted that in Georgia quite a large array of sea-buckthorn is rare, which is found in nearby of Stepantsminda, and Oriental beech and high mountain oak are widespread in the vast areas of Snoskheoba.
Among the forests in Kazbegi region one of the most important one is a natural grove which is near village Sioni. Here on 1700-1900 m above the sea level there are: birch, poplar, common ash-tree, rowans, high mountain maple and other deciduous species.
Kazbegi flora is rich in wild herbs, which is one of the most important natural resources, the protection, restoration and cultivation of which has a great importance. The list of common herbs here are: sage, sweetbrier, centifola, tansies, dandelion, thyme, chamomile, chicory, coltsfoot, achillea, origanum, valeriana, hypericum, henbanes, cranberries, fleaworts, nettles, leonurus and others.
Plants from the “Red List” of Georgia
In single copies here can be found high mountain oak (Quercus macranthera), a small elm (Ulmus minor Miller), bare elm (Ulmus glabra) and others.
Relict and endemic species
From Georgian endemics on the weathering of rocks there are: Arabis kazbekensis, Galanthus platyphillus, Heracleum ossethicum, Lilium georgicum, Muscari pallens.
From the Caucasian endemic plants here can be found: Delphinium flexuosum, Campanula hypopolia, Campanula petrophilla, Campanula sosnowskyi, Delphinium flexuosum , Delphinium speciosum, Dianthus caucaseus, Eritrichium caucasicum, Fritillaria latifolia, Fritillaria lutea, Gladiolus tenuis, Inula magnific, Ligularia subsagittata, Primula cordifolia, Primula darialica, Sobolewskia caucasica,
Local endemics: Heracleum roseum var. latilobum
Kazbegi National Park is rich in fauna. Most of the animals spread here are rare and endangered species included in the “Red List” of Georgia: East Caucasian tur, chamois, brown bear. Here you can find: martens, wild cats, rabbits, squirrels and others.
Biodiversity and deep valleys, hills, subalpine fields existing in the National Park are the ideal habitat for large-sized birds of prey. In the Reserve you can find: the golden eagle, vulture and bearded vulture. An attention draws also the Caucasian rouse and Caucasian Snowcock.
From mammals there are Georgian endemic species: Common Shrew (Sorexsatunini), Volnuchinishrew (Sorexvolnuchini), Gueldenstaedt’s shrew (Crociduragueldenstaedtii), Kazbeg birch mouse, (Sicistakazbegica) and bushes vole (Terricoladaghestanicus).
From endemic birds here are: the Caucasian Black Grouse (Tetrao mlokosiewzci), the Caucasian Snowcock (Tetraogallus caucasicus), ring ouzel (Turdus torquatus), Red-billed chough (Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax),Alpine chough (P. graculus) and others. In addition in the National Park there are globally important 2 species of birds: Great rosefinch (Carpodacus rubicilla) and Güldenstädt's redstart (Phoenicurus erythogaster).
You are able to practice payable eco-tourist services at the National Parks of Georgia.read more
Learn how to get to the National Parks of Georgia.read more
Plan your trip in National Parks of Georgia.read more
Dear travelers, we are glad to invite you to the National Parks of Georgia.read more