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According to ancient local traditions, pigs are taboo for local people and for this reason, food made from pork is forbidden in Tusheti. Local people consider it disrespectful for visitors to bring pork to Tusheti.


According to local traditions, women are forbidden from entering local sacred shrines and sanctuaries.


Tusheti is a remote region, and as such there are no amenities such as petrol stations, pharmacies, beauty salons, banks, ATMs or currency exchanges booths.



Tusheti flora is distinguished by its diversity, here are 1062 species of plants. Forest habitat of the national park areas is mostly represented by the Caucasian pine  (Pinus kochyana). Pine forest is spread at 1700-2000 meters above sea level and  its total area covers about 15000 hectares.

With evelation Pine forest is replaced by birch trees. There are birch forests at 1700-2400 meters above sea level, the most spread species are warty and Litvinov birch.(here are also crooked birch trees).  Crooked forests mainly include Litvinov birch. But in some places there is also Radde’s birch. The total area of broad leaf forests is not more than 1400 hectares. Subalpine forests totally cover 6200 hectares. The upper lower zone of the forest spreads from 1650 meters to 1900 meters. Subalpine forests are represented from 1700 meters to 2600 meters.

Species from the “Red List” of Georgia

From Tusheti National Park 2 woody species are included in the “Red List” – Radde’s and black birch. 8 Herbaceous species (Allium otschiauria eTscholokaschvili, Erysimum subnivale Prima, Ficaria varia Otschiauri, Galeopsis nana Otschiaur, Jurinea exuberans (Trautv.) Otschiauri, Rosa irysthonica Manden, Tragopogon otschiaurii Kuthatheladze) are assessed as nationally vulnerable categories.

Endemic species

The Park is distinguished by endemic plant species.

230 species of Tusheti National Park flora are the Caucasian endemic (more than 20% of the total number of the Caucasian endemic), and 11 species are Georgian endemic. Form Georgian and local endemic species there are: Tushetian aconite, lily, Tushetian weet brier, Tebulo buttercup and Tushetian skullcaps. And from the Caucasian endemic: Radde’s birch, rhododendron, Sosnovski pine, Litvinov birch, fritillaries, primrose and squill.


In Tusheti National Park fauna is represented in about 180 species. With unverified data in Tusheti there are: 60 species of mammals, about 120 – birds, 3-reptiles, 6-amphibian and one species of fish.

Weathered sloped of the Caucasus and inaccessible cliffs are the homeland of East Caucasian tur chamois and wild goat. The neighbor of Caucasian tur is Caucasian endemic – the Caucasian Snowcock, and in rhododendron shrubs and birch groves lives the Caucasian black grouse.

From large ungulates in Tusheti forests it is possible to meet roe and rarely deer. A boar regularly comes from the neighboring Dagestan.

Tusheti is rich in predators – fox and wolf is met everywhere. Almost in the entire territory there are: brown bear, lynx, hare, chamois and tur.

Tusheti is a diverse region in terms of ornithology. There are many birds of different size and different lifestyle. Tusheti inaccessible cliffs are the nesting place for huge birds- vultures, Bearded vultures and Golden eagles. In the National Park there are also a great number of: crossbill, several kinds of woodpeckers, red head finch, mountain Pipit and wallcreeper, partridge, mountain kestrel, buzzard and the fastest bird on the planet – falcon.

Tusheti rivers are rich in trout.

There are three species of reptiles in Tusheti: Coronella austriaca, Vipera ursine, Laerta sp. And others, also there is one species of the green toad.

Species fom the “Red List” of Gerorgia

18 species (10 birds, 7 mammals and 1 fish) of Tusheti National Park fauna are included in the “Red List”. From mammals there are: European barbastelle, otter, brown bear, wild goat, tur, deer, aucasian grouse and Caucasian Snowcok. From rare species of birds are common: Imperial eagle, greater spotted eagle, lesser kestrel, corncrake, steppe eagle, black kite, vulture, field Montagu’s Harrier. There is only one species of fish on this territory – trout.

Endemic species

From endemic mammals in Tusheti can be found:  Sorex raddei, Sorex volnuchini, Myotis daubentonii Chionomys gud, Chionomys roberti, Terricola majori, Terricola daghestanicus and others. 
From endemic birds Caucasian grouse and Caucasian Snowcock are notable.

Attraction Passes

You are able to practice payable eco-tourist services at the National Parks of Georgia.

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Learn how to get to the National Parks of Georgia.

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Visitor Guide

Plan your trip in National Parks of Georgia.

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Dear travelers, we are glad to invite you to the National Parks of Georgia.

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